how and why to become a freelance?
Working as a freelance is an advantage that is attracting more and more people. It allows many professions to be able to practice freely On the one hand, it is possible to work in freelance status by having a craft, commercial or liberal profession. Each of them is attached to a specific organization and has specific requirements On the other hand, work under a contract of service delivery is possible through various statutes. If the auto-entrepreneur is the most recognized, there are nonetheless others such as sole proprietorship or one-person businesses as well as wage portage Finally, if working as a freelance offers great freedom, this status also has the drawbacks of its advantages and leads to a relatively precarious lifestyle that should be studied before starting and working as a freelance.
How to work as a freelance?
When we advertise freelance work, we most often think of the status of auto-entrepreneur. Favored for its advantages such as its simplified accounting, it is the easiest to set up to start a business and start working as a freelance. There are, however, other statuses that also allow you to launch a freelance career. These are sole proprietorships or sole proprietorships To become a freelance, it is also possible to carry out a salary portage. This involves having an employee status established by a wage portage company and carrying out missions as a Consultant Working as a freelance does not necessarily mean working alone, it is possible to partner with another independent worker. We then speak of Limited Liability Company (SARL). The latter allows two partners to work freelance for the same company In all cases, working as a freelance requires obtaining a SIRET number. The latter is assigned to the freelance when the company is created. It allows, among other things, to be recognized by the tax services and social services and it is essential to be able to edit invoices.
Who can freelance as a self-employed person?
Increasingly in vogue in recent years, working as a freelance seems to be an advantage in the job market. It is indeed a status that is open to many professions. These can allow you to work as a freelance:
Working freelance with a liberal profession requires contributing to URSSAF.
The liberal professions can be regulated or unregulated in nature. They concern intellectual, technical or care activities that can be framed by a certain professional code of ethics Regulated liberal professions include lawyers, doctors, and accountants, among others. Working freelance with these liberal professions requires respecting precise rules of ethics The unregulated liberal professions concern activities which are neither commercial nor craft. Among them are self-employed artists, freelancers, IT consultants, and others. These activities are not controlled and do not require a code of ethics to work freelance.
Freelance work on a commercial basis is suitable for the sale of goods or services. However, it is not recommended for work in a shop, not offering deduction of charges or fixed costs under the status of auto-entrepreneur To work as a freelance in a commercial way, it is necessary to depend on the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI). In some cases, it is possible to be attached to the Registry of the Commercial Court if working freelance is done under the profession of the commercial agent. Social coverage is provided by the RSI.
Freelance in an artisanal way
The craft professions who decide to work freelance with the status of auto-entrepreneur depend on the CMA – Chamber of Trades and Crafts. They belong to the regime of Industrial and Commercial Profits (BIC) and can also be considered as the sale of goods if the fact of working freelance in the artisanal sector involves the sale or manufacture of products.
It is essential, as a craftsman who wishes to work freelance, to register in the Directory of Trades. Likewise, it is necessary to validate an Installation Preparation Course.
The professions that allow freelance work as a craftsman are grouped into four main categories of trades:
- The making
- The service
What are the advantages and disadvantages of working as a freelance?
Freelance work, a synonym of freedom
- Choice of working hours and locations
- Negotiation of its own rates
- Flexibility of work
- Simplified accounting
- Project management
Working freelance allows you to gain an advantage, among them we find mainly autonomy and independence. Indeed, working as a freelance requires a large organization and allows you to manage your own small business.
By choosing to work freelance, it is possible to define your own rates as well as your working hours. Working as a freelance involves managing a mission from start to finish. Prospecting, realization, implementation of its skills, customer management, and accounting record of the service provision. Working as a freelance offers great freedom.
Freelance work, drawbacks to keep in mind
However, if working as a freelance seems to be a choice full of advantages, it is advisable to not forget the constraints which result from it.
- Lack of working environment
- Lack of guaranteed turnover
- Need for self-management
Indeed, the fact of working as a freelance forces one to be exposed to regular risks. Among them: the lack of job security, the lack of guarantees to find frequent clients, the lack of legal working hours, the need to be able to manage your time to respect your own limits.
Working as a freelancer may seem interesting, however, it should be borne in mind that like any self-employed person, the choice to work as a freelance should not be taken lightly. The working conditions are not always easy and must be carefully considered to avoid disappointments at the end of months spent working freelance without earning the expected turnover.